The highest mountain in the world Mt. Everest (8848 m/ 29,028 ft) is the highest point on earth. It was name after Sir George Everest, the British surveyor-general of British India. In Tibet it is called Chomolungma and Nepalese call it Sagarmatha. Half of northern part is faced to Tibet and southern part to Nepal. Himalaya is a Sanskrit word meaning, “abode of snow”. The name of the mountain in Nepal is Sagarmatha, which means “goddess of the sky”.
Mount Everest has two ridges, the northeast ridge from China (Tibet) and the southeast ridge from Nepal. There are two summits on Mount Everest, the south summit and the main summit. The south summit is via the south Col which is the easiest route. Most of Mount Everest is covered up with ice and there are many glaciers. The mountain gets narrower and narrower the higher you get. The route from Nepal is technically easier and commonly used by the climbers. This was the same route used by Sir Edmund Hillary and Tenzing Norgey Sherpa in 1953.